Glaucoma can result in vision loss and, in some cases, even blindness, if you don’t treat your condition.

By working with a local glaucoma doctor in Buffalo, N.Y., you can treat your glaucoma in WNY and stop it from ruining your life. Here at Ophthalmology Associates of WNY, Charles R Niles MD is our leading glaucoma specialist. Let’s take a closer look at some of the facts about glaucoma:

What Is Glaucoma?

healthy eye vs eye with glaucoma

Glaucoma is a very serious disease that can cause people to suffer from problems with the optic nerves in their eyes.

There are approximately 3 million people in the United States who have been diagnosed with glaucoma. But unfortunately, that figure is probably even higher, since glaucoma is a disease that many Americans might not even realize they have.

  • Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside of the eyes slowly begins to rise.
  • That pressure can start to build up in specific sections of your eye, and when it does, it can cause damage to the optic nerve and prevent you from seeing normally.
  • In a worst-case scenario, you can even go blind if you have untreated glaucoma.

Causes of Glaucoma

The most common cause of glaucoma is pressure that builds up inside of the eye and prevents liquid from circulating throughout the eye as it should.

This cause is believed to be inherited and passed down from one generation to the next.

There are also some other potential causes of glaucoma, including:

  • Blunt force to the eye
  • Chemical injury
  • Severe eye infection
  • Blocked blood vessels located inside of your eye
  • Certain inflammatory conditions

The glaucoma doctors at Ophthalmology Associates of Western New York with offices in Buffalo can help you identify the cause of glaucoma and work on developing a proper treatment.

Types of Glaucoma

glaucomaThere are two main types of glaucoma.

  • The first is called open-angle glaucoma, and it is the most common type of glaucoma. Some eye doctors will refer to it as wide-angle glaucoma. It occurs when the trabecular meshwork in your eye fails to drain fluids from your eye like normal.
  • There’s also a less common type of glaucoma called angle-closure glaucoma, which is also often referred to as acute or chronic angle-closure glaucoma. With this type of glaucoma, your eye fails to drain properly because the angle that exists between your cornea and iris isn’t wide enough.

Both of these conditions can cause pressure to build up in your eye that can impact your vision and even lead to blindness if not identified and treated.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

There usually aren’t any clear-cut symptoms associated with glaucoma.

Glaucoma is sometimes called the ‘sneak thief of vision’ or the ‘sneak thief of sight’ because the first time people notice it is usually when they lose their peripheral vision.

From there, patients can experience total vision loss if they don’t have their glaucoma treated.

There are some people who will experience sharp eye pain, blurred vision and headaches associated with glaucoma, but more often than not, glaucoma will linger silently before affecting the vision. This is why it is so important to see an eye doctor in Buffalo, N.Y. regularly to keep an eye out for glaucoma and start a glaucoma treatment regimen right away, if needed.

Detection of Glaucoma

It’s not all that difficult for a glaucoma doctor in WNY to diagnose a person with glaucoma.

  • During a regular eye exam, an eye doctor will dilate your eyes with drops before checking the optic nerve in your eye.
  • If you are suffering from glaucoma, your doctor will be able to tell by looking at this nerve.
  • Your doctor may also choose to take photographs of your optic nerve over time to monitor the possibility of glaucoma.
  • Additionally, there is a test called tonometry that is used to check overall eye pressure, which is one of the key factors associated with glaucoma.

The tests associated with glaucoma can be done quickly and they are painless for patients.

Glaucoma Treatment Options

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If you have glaucoma, you don’t need to let it run your life. Ophthalmology Associates of Western New York has eye doctors experienced in glaucoma treatment right here in Williamsville, N.Y.

  • In some instances, glaucoma can be treated with eye drops.
  • For other cases, glaucoma surgery may be needed to get the problem under control.

Either way, we would love to help you with your glaucoma and provide you with the treatment you need. Ophthalmology Associates of Western New York is the leading glaucoma specialists in Buffalo, Williamsville, and the surrounding WNY area.

Give Ophthalmology Associates of Western New York a call at 716-632-3545 today to find out more about the glaucoma treatment procedures we can offer to you.